Croixism is a populist, nationalist ideology. It is named after the Croix-de-France party and developed from the ideas of rebuilding national pride and being independent of foreign investment in the wake of the post-Kaiser's War, and to counter Soviet communism and American international capitalism. Croixism was powerful throughout war-torn Europe, especially in the "defeated" Entente powers. Unlike American nationalism, croixism was not totalitarian in nature and most croixist movements only gained power by political maneuvering as opposed to overwhelming support from the masses. The croixist movements gained a massive following from European fear of socialism.